Author: Antoniotti, F.
Paper Title Page
MOPGF102 The New Control Software for the CERN NA62 Beam Vacuum 1
 
  • S. Blanchard, F. Antoniotti, R. Ferreira, P. Gomes, A. Gutierrez, B. Jenninger, F. Mateo, H.F. Pereira
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • L. Kopylov, S. Merker
    IHEP, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  NA62 is a fixed target experiment to measure very rare decays of Kaons at CERN Super Proton Synchrotron accelerator. The NA62 experiment line comprises several large detectors installed inside a vacuum vessel with a length of 250 m and an internal diameter of up to 2.8 m. The vacuum installation consists of 170 remote controlled pumps, valves and gauges. The operational specifications of NA62 require a complex vacuum control system: tight interaction between vacuum controllers and detector controllers, including pumping or venting vetoes, and detector start-stop interlocks; most of the valves are interlocked, including the large vacuum sector gate valves; the vacuum devices are driven by 20 logic processes. The vacuum control system is based on commercial Programmable Logical Controllers (Siemens PLC: S7-300 series) and a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition application (Siemens SCADA: WINCC OA). The control software is built upon the standard framework used in CERN accelerators vacuum, with some specific developments. We describe the controls architecture, and report on the particular requirements and the solutions implemented.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF102 [2.670 MB]  
 
MOPGF103 The Upgrade of Control Hardware of the CERN NA62 Beam Vacuum 1
 
  • F. Mateo, F. Antoniotti, S. Blanchard, R. Ferreira, P. Gomes, A. Gutierrez, B. Jenninger, H.F. Pereira
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  NA62 is the follow-up of the NA48 experiment, in the SPS North Area of CERN, and reuses a large fraction of its detectors and beam line equipment. Still, there are many new vacuum devices in the beam line (including pumps, valves & gauges), which required a thorough modification of the control system and a large number of new controllers, many of which were custom-made. The NA62 vacuum control system is based on the use of PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers) and SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition). The controllers and signal conditioning electronics are accessed from the PLC via a field bus (Profibus); optical fibre is used between surface racks and the underground gallery. The control hardware was completely commissioned during 2014. The nominal pressure levels were attained in all sectors of the experiment. The remote control of all devices and the interlocks were successfully tested. This paper summarizes the architecture of the vacuum control system of NA62, the types of instruments to control, the communication networks, the hardware alarms and the supervisory interface.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF103 [6.319 MB]  
 
MOPGF104 Consolidations on the Vacuum Controls of the CERN Accelerators, During the First Long Shutdown of the LHC 1
 
  • P. Gomes, F. Antoniotti, F. Aragon, F. Bellorini, S. Blanchard, J-P. Boivin, N. Chatzigeorgiou, F. Daligault, R. Ferreira, J. Fraga, J. Gama, A. Gutierrez, P. Krakówski, H.F. Pereira, G. Pigny, P.P. Prieto, B. Rio, H. Vestergard
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • L. Kopylov, S. Merker, M.S. Mikheev
    IHEP, Moscow Region, Russia
 
  For two years (Spring 2013 - Spring 2015), the LHC went through its first long shutdown (LS1). It was mainly motivated by the consolidation of magnet interconnects, to allow operation with 6.5 TeV proton beams. Moreover, around the accelerator complex, many other systems were repaired, consolidated or upgraded, and several new installations came to life. The standardization of vacuum controls has progressed in the injectors, with the renovation of most of their obsolete equipment. In the LHC, many new instruments were added, the signal transmission integrity was improved, and the exposure to radiation was reduced in critical places. Several developments were needed for new equipment types or new operational requirements.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF104 [16.017 MB]  
 
MOPGF112 Measurements, Alarms and Interlocks in the Vacuum Control System of the LHC 1
 
  • G. Pigny, F. Antoniotti, J-P. Boivin, N. Chatzigeorgiou, J. Gama, P. Gomes, P. Krakówski, H.F. Pereira
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  In the LHC beam pipes and cryostats, the pressure measurement covers a wide range, from 1500 mbar down to 10-11 mbar and even lower. If vacuum deteriorates, alarm signals are generated and sent to other systems, e.g. cryogenics, accelerating cavities, kicker magnets, and beam interlock. In addition, an unacceptable pressure rise in beam pipes generates interlocks to close the adjacent sector valves, thus isolating the sector, so that the pressure rise does not propagate. This paper describes the measurement chains, the alarms and interlocks logic used in the vacuum control system of the LHC. We analyze the possible signal degradation caused by ionizing radiation or due to cable length, shielding and grounding. The weaknesses of the existing vacuum measurement system are pointed out, and a prospective for improvement of the conditioning electronics is proposed. During the first LHC long shut down, several corrections were applied; the results of the tests after commissioning are also presented.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF112 [1.725 MB]