Keyword: kicker
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MOM308 XFEL Machine Protection System (MPS) Based on uTCA linac, operation, undulator, FPGA 1
  • S. Karstensen, M.E. Castro Carballo, J.M. Jäger, M. Staack
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  For the operation of a machine like the 3 km long linear accelerator XFEL at DESY Hamburg, a safety system keeping the beam from damaging components is obligatory. This machine protection system (MPS) must detect failures of the RF system, magnets, and other critical components in various sections of the XFEL as well as monitor beam and dark current losses, and react in an appropriate way by limiting average beam power, dumping parts of the macro-pulse, or, in the worst case, shutting down the whole accelerator. It has to consider the influence of various machine modes selected by the timing system. The MPS provides the operators with clear indications of error sources, and offers the possibility to mask any input channel to facilitate the operation of the machine. In addition, redundant installation of critical MPS components will help to avoid unnecessary downtime. This paper summarizes the requirements on the machine protection system and includes plans for its architecture and for needed hardware components. It will show up the clear way of configuring this system - not programming. Also a look into the financial aspects (manpower / maintenance / integration) will be presented.  
slides icon Slides MOM308 [1.487 MB]  
MOPGF087 TPS Booster Tune Measurement System booster, injection, dipole, synchrotron 1
  • P.C. Chiu, Y.-S. Cheng, K.T. Hsu, K.H. Hu, C.Y. Liao
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  The TPS is a state-of-the-art synchrotron radiation facility featuring ultra-high photon brightness with extremely low emittance. Its Booster has 6 FODO cells which include 7 BD dipoles with 1.6 m long and 2 BH dipoles with 0.8 m long in each cell. After magnetization of stainless steel vacuum chamber of the booster were identified and then dismantled, annealed, and re-installed, the electron beam energy of the Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) in the booster ring has ramped to 3 GeV in a week. The booster tune correction during ramping is one of the main reasons why the booster commissioning progress is so fast. In this paper the summarized the booster tune monitor system will be summarised  
MOPGF111 TANGO Integration of a Specific Hardware through HTTP-server controls, TANGO, power-supply, software 1
  • A. Panov, A.A. Korepanov
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  MAX IV and Solaris are new synchrotrons third generation. MAX IV synchrotron consist of 1.5 GeV storage ring, 3.0 GeV storage ring and linac; it is located in Lund, Sweden. Solaris synchrotron is a replica of the 1.5 GeV storage ring of the MAX IV project; it is located in Kraków, Poland. Structure of storage rings contains several pulse magnets (kicker and pinger). Control system of pulse power supplies based on LTR crate with several modules (ADC, DAC, input/output registers etc.). LTR crate is product Russian firm L-CARD. LTR crate is crate with integrated controller (ADSP Blackfin BF537) and PLC EP1C30 with direct connection to modules. In order to communicate with crate native LTR-server is used. LTR-server is a Windows application based on use of sockets. Control system of MAX IV and Solaris uses TANGO. For integration LTR-crates in final structure, special software gateway (csMAXIVltr) is used. This gateway is a set of several specific Windows applications implemented by using Qt5 libraries. Gateway allow communicating TANGO- server with crate through built-in HTTP-server. In final structure of control system csMAXIVltr will be work on a Windows virtual machine.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF111 [3.338 MB]  
MOPGF122 A Fast Interlock Detection System for High-Power Switch Protection FPGA, interface, Ethernet, operation 1
  • P. Van Trappen, E. Carlier, S. Uyttenhove
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Fast pulsed kicker magnet systems are powered by high-voltage and high-current pulse generators with adjustable pulse length and amplitude. To deliver this power, fast high-voltage switches such as thyratrons and GTOs are used to control the fast discharge of pre-stored energy. To protect the machine and the generator itself against internal failures of these switches several types of fast interlocks systems are used at TE-ABT (CERN Technology department, Accelerator Beam Transfer). To get rid of this heterogeneous situation, a modular digital Fast Interlock Detection System (FIDS) has been developed in order to replace the existing fast interlocks systems. In addition to the existing functionality, the FIDS system will offer new functionalities such as extended flexibility, improved modularity, increased surveillance and diagnostics, contemporary communication protocols and automated card parametrization. A Xilinx Zynq®-7000 SoC has been selected for implementation of the required functionalities so that the FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) can hold the fast detection and interlocking logic while the ARM® processors allow for a flexible integration in CERN's Front-End Software Architecture (FESA) framework, advanced diagnostics and automated self-parametrization.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF122 [0.861 MB]  
MOPGF129 Understanding the Failure Characteristics of the Beam Permit System of RHIC at BNL simulation, collider, ion, controls 1
  • P. Chitnis, T.G. Robertazzi
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA
  • K.A. Brown
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
The RHIC Beam Permit System (BPS) monitors the anomalies occurring in the collider and restores the machine to a safe state upon fault detection. The reliability of the BPS thus directly impacts RHIC availability. An analytical multistate reliability model of the BPS has been developed to understand the failure development and propagation over store length variation. BPS has a modular structure. The individual modules have joint survival distributions defined by competing risks with exponential lifetimes. Modules differ in functionality and input response. The overall complex behavior of the system is analyzed by first principles for different failure/success states of the system. The model structure changes according to the type of scenario. The analytical model yields the marginal survival distribution for each scenario versus different store lengths. Analysis of structural importance and interdependencies of modules is also examined. A former Monte Carlo model* is used for the verification of the analytical model for a certain store length. This work is next step towards building knowledge base for eRHIC design by understanding finer failure characteristics of the BPS.
*P. Chitnis et al., 'A Monte Carlo Simulation Approach to the Reliability Modeling of the Beam Permit System of Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at BNL', Proc. ICALEPCS'13, San Francisco, CA.
poster icon Poster MOPGF129 [1.326 MB]  
MOPGF135 Upgrade of the Trigger Synchronisation and Distribution System of the Beam Dumping System of the Large Hadron Collider operation, dumping, controls, hardware 1
  • N. Magnin, A. Antoine, E. Carlier, V. Chareyre, S. Gabourin, A. Patsouli, N. Voumard
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  Various upgrades were performed on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Beam Dumping System (LBDS) during Long Shutdown 1 (LS1) at CERN, in particular to the Trigger Synchronisation and Distribution System (TSDS): A redundant direct connection from the LHC Beam Interlock System to the re-trigger lines of the LBDS was implemented, a fully redundant powering architecture was set up, and new Trigger Synchronisation Unit cards were deployed over two separate crates instead of one. These hardware changes implied the adaptation of the State Control and Surveillance System and an improvement of the monitoring and diagnosis systems, like the various Internal Post Operation Check (IPOC) systems that ensure that, after every beam dump event, the LBDS worked as expected and is 'as good as new' for the next LHC beam. This paper summarises the changes performed on the TSDS during LS1, highlights the upgrade of the IPOC systems and presents the problems encountered during the commissioning of TSDS before the LHC Run II.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF135 [0.948 MB]  
WEPGF119 Bunch to Bucket Transfer System for FAIR synchrotron, target, timing, cavity 1
  • J.N. Bai
    IAP, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • R. Bär, D. Beck, O.K. Kester, D. Ondreka, C. Prados, W.W. Terpstra
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • T. Ferrand
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  For the FAIR accelerator complex, synchronization of the bunch to bucket (B2B) transfer will be realized by the General Machine Timing system and the Low-Level RF system. Based on these two systems, both synchronization methods, the phase shift and the frequency beating method, are available for the B2B transfer system for FAIR. This system is capable to realize the B2B transfer within 10ms and the precision better than 1 degree for ions over the whole range of stable isotopes. At first, this system will be used for the transfer from the SIS18 to the SIS100. It will then be extended to all transfers at the FAIR accelerator facility. This paper introduces the synchronization methods and concentrates on the standard procedures and the functional blocks of the B2B transfer system.  
poster icon Poster WEPGF119 [1.489 MB]  
WEPGF127 A Generic Timing Software for Fast Pulsed Magnet Systems at CERN hardware, timing, controls, software 1
  • C. Chanavat, M. Arruat, E. Carlier, N. Magnin
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  At CERN, fast pulsed magnet (kicker) systems are used to inject, extract, dump and excite beams. Depending on their operational functionalities and as a result of the evolution of controls solutions over time, the timing controls of these systems were based on hybrid hardware architectures that have resulted in a large disparity of software solutions. In order to cure this situation, a Kicker Timing Software (KiTS), based on a modular hardware and software architecture, has been developed with the objective to increase the homogeneity of fast and slow timings control for all types of fast pulsed magnet systems. The KiTS uses a hardware abstraction layer and a configurable software model implemented within the Front-End Software Architecture (FESA) framework. It has been successfully deployed in the control systems of the different types of kicker systems at CERN like for the PS continuous transfer, the SPS injection and extraction, the SPS tune measurement and the LHC injection.  
poster icon Poster WEPGF127 [38.180 MB]