Keyword: neutron
Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOPGF063 The New TANGO-based Control and Data Acquisition of the Neutron Instrument DNS at FRM II TANGO, controls, software, detector 1
  • H. Kleines, M. Bednarek, K. Bussmann, M. Drochner, L. Fleischhauer-Fuss, S. Janaschke, S. Keuler, K.-H. Mertens, S. Su, F. Suxdorf, S. van Waasen
    FZJ, Jülich, Germany
  Forschungszentrum Jülich has been operating the neutron Instrument DNS at the neutron source FRM II for about 10 years. DNS is a time of flight neutron spectrometer with polarization analysis that experienced a major upgrade in 2014 and 2015. During the upgrade DNS was equipped with new electronics and a new control and data acquisition system, including a transition from the existing TACO system to its successor TANGO. On the client side the NICOS software developed at FRM II is used for the implementation of measurement operations and user interface. The design of the new control and data acquisition system is presented and the lessons learned by the introduction of TANGO are reported.  
MOPGF161 LANSCE Control System Upgrade Status and Challenges controls, hardware, EPICS, FPGA 1
  • M. Pieck, D. Baros, E. Björklund, J.A. Faucett, J.G. Gioia, J.O. Hill, P.S. Marroquin, J.D. Paul, J.D. Sedillo, F.E. Shelley, H.A. Watkins
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Los Alamos National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract W-7405-ENG-36. LA-UR-15-27880
The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) linear accelerator drives five user facilities: Isotope Production, Proton Radiography, Ultra-Cold Neutrons, Weapons Neutron Research, and Neutron Scattering. In 2011, we started an ambitious project to refurbish key elements of the LANSCE accelerator that have become obsolete or were near end-of-life. The control system went through an upgrade process that affected different areas of LANSCE. Many improvements have been made but funding challenges and LANSCE operational commitments have delayed project deliverables. In this paper, we will discuss our upgrade choices, what we have accomplished so far, what we have learned about upgrading the existing control system and what challenges we still face.
poster icon Poster MOPGF161 [1.069 MB]  
TUB3O03 The Modular Control Concept of the Neutron Scattering Experiments at the European Spallation Source ESS controls, interface, timing, EPICS 1
  • T. Gahl, R.J. Hall-Wilton, O. Kirstein, T. Korhonen, T.S. Richter, A. Sandström, I. Sutton, J.W. Taylor
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund, Sweden has just entered into neutron beam line construction starting detailed design in 2015. As a collaboration of 17 European countries the majority of hardware devices will be provided in-kind. This presents numerous technical and organizational challenges for the construction and the integration of the neutron instrumentation into the facility wide infrastructure; notably the EPICS control network and the facilities absolute timing system. In this contribution we present a strategy for the modularity of the instruments hardware with well-defined standardized functionality and a minimized number of control & data interfaces. Key point of the strategy is the time stamping of all readings from the instruments control electronics extending the event mode data acquisition from detected neutron events to all metadata. This gives the control software the flexibility necessary to adapt the functionality of the instruments to the demands of each single experimental run. Examples of the advantages of that approach in classical motion control as well as in complex robotics systems and matching hardware requirements necessary, is discussed.
* S.Peggs et al., ESS Technical Design Report(ESS-2013-0001, 2013)
** T.Gahl et al., Modularity & Integration of Event Mode Data Acquisition and Instrument Control for ESS, Proc. of ICANS XXI(2015)
slides icon Slides TUB3O03 [2.111 MB]  
TUC3O02 Design, Implementation and Setup of the Fast Protection System for CSNS proton, ion-source, extraction, timing 1
  • D.P. Jin, Y.L. Zhang, P. Zhu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  Design, implementation and setup of a FPGA and RocketIO based FPS(Fast Protection System) for CSNS(China Spallation Neutron Source) is introduced. This system is a compact design with high speed serial transmission techniques. RocketIOs (or MGTs) and optical transceivers are used to transmit the interlock signals, with each link to carry 16 signals. Ground loop problems are avoided since the use of fibers. Dedicated firmware is developed for the auto-working of the serial links when both fibers are plugged in under power-on state. A real-time online heart-beat function is also implemented for each interlock signal to make sure the overall safety of the system. The whole system is under installation and will be put into use soon part by part according to the progress of the civil construction and equipment installation.  
slides icon Slides TUC3O02 [3.489 MB]  
TUC3O03 Development and Realisation of the ESS Machine Protection Concept proton, operation, target, monitoring 1
  • A. Nordt, R. Andersson, T. Korhonen, A. Monera Martinez, M. Zaera-Sanz
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • A. Apollonio, R. Schmidt
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • C. Hilbes
    ZHAW, Winterthur, Switzerland
  ESS is facing extremely high beam availability requirements and is largely relying on custom made, very specialised, and expensive equipment for its operation. The proton beam power with an average of 5MW per pulse will be unprecedented and its uncontrolled release can lead to serious damage of the delicate equipment, causing long shutdown periods, inducing high financial losses and, as a main point, interfering drastically with international scientific research programs relying on ESS operation. Implementing a fit-for-purpose machine protection concept is one of the key challenges in order to mitigate these risks. The development and realisation of the measures needed to implement such concept to the correct level in case of a complex facility like the ESS, requires a systematic approach, and will be discussed in this paper.  
slides icon Slides TUC3O03 [11.927 MB]  
WEPGF060 A Data Management Infrastructure for Neutron Scattering Experiments in J-PARC/MLF data-management, database, experiment, operation 1
  • K. Moriyama, T. Nakatani
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-Ken, Japan
  The role of data management is one of the greatest contributions in the research workflow for scientific experiments such as neutron scattering. The facility is required to safely and efficiently manage a huge amount of data over the long duration, and provide an effective data access for facility users promoting the creation of scientific results. In order to meet these requirements, we are operating and updating a data management infrastructure in J-PAPC/MLF, which consists of the web-based integrated data management system called the MLF Experimental Database (MLF EXP-DB), the hierarchical raw data repository composed of distributed storages, and the integrated authentication system. The MLF EXP-DB creates experimental data catalogues in which raw data, measurement logs, and other contextual information on sample, experimental proposal, investigator, etc. are interrelated. This system conducts the reposition, archive and on-demand retrieve of raw data in the repository. Facility users are able to access the experimental data via a web portal. This contribution presents the overview of our data management infrastructure, and the recent updated features for high availability, scaling-out, and flexible data retrieval in the MLF EXP-DB.  
poster icon Poster WEPGF060 [1.017 MB]  
WEPGF083 Single Neutron Counting Using CCD and CMOS Cameras detector, electron, simulation, background 1
  • P. Mutti, M. Plaz, E. Ruiz-Martinez, P. Van Esch
    ILL, Grenoble, France
  • M. Crisanti
    Università degli di Perugia, Perugia, Italy
  Neutron detection traditionally takes place with detectors based upon particle detection technologies like gas or scintillation detections. These detectors have a high dynamic range, and are very performing at low counting rates and fast timing (time of flight) applications. At high counting rates however, continuous imaging detectors such as CCD or CMOS camera's optically linked to scintillators, can have very good performances concerning linearity and spatial resolution but the dynamic range of these systems is limited by noise and gamma background. We explore a technique that allows us to use imaging detectors as counting detectors at lower counting rates, and transits smoothly to continuous imaging at higher rates. Neutron detection involves reactions releasing energies of the order of the MeV, while X-ray detection releases energies of the order of the photon energy, (10 KeV range). This 100-fold higher energy allows the individual neutron detection light signal to be significantly above the noise level, as such allowing for discrimination and individual counting. The theory is next confronted with experimental measurements on CCD and CMOS type commercial cameras.  
poster icon Poster WEPGF083 [7.975 MB]  
WEPGF084 New Digitisers for Position Sensitive 3He Proportional Counters detector, electronics, FPGA, ion 1
  • P. Mutti, M. Plaz, E. Ruiz-Martinez, P. Van Esch
    ILL, Grenoble, France
  3He gas-filled detectors are a classical choice for the detection of thermal and cold neutrons. The incident neutrons are captured by the 3He producing a tritium and an hydrogen which are sharing the 765 keV of energy generated in the reaction. The classical geometry of a charge-division neutron detector consists of a cylindrical volume housing a resistive anode. Electrical signals are extracted at both ends of the tube and the information about the interaction point along the tube can be derived from the ratio of the collected charged at both ends. The classical analog approach for the charge readout consists of a shaping amplifier coupled with a peak sensing ADC. The development of a new digital front-end electronics based on 64 channels, 62.5 Msample/s and 12 bit digitisers, is reported on. Excellent results have been obtained in terms of position resolution and signal to noise ratio when adopting a continuous digital filtering and gaussian shaping.  
poster icon Poster WEPGF084 [8.285 MB]  
WEPGF105 EPICS V4 Evaluation for SNS Neutron Data EPICS, network, detector, data-acquisition 1
  • K.-U. Kasemir, G.S. Guyotte, M.R. Pearson
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by UT-Battelle, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
Version 4 of the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) toolkit allows defining application-specific structured data types (pvData) and offers a network protocol for their efficient exchange (pvAccess). We evaluated V4 for the transport of neutron events from the detectors of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) to data acquisition and experiment monitoring systems. This includes the comparison of possible data structures, performance tests, and experience using V4 in production on a beam line.
poster icon Poster WEPGF105 [1.277 MB]  
THHA3O03 Managing Neutron Beam Scans at the Canadian Neutron Beam Centre database, experiment, controls, software 1
  • M.R. Vigder, M.L. Cusick, D. Dean
    CNL, Ontario, Canada
  The Canadian Neutron Beam Centre (CNBC) of the Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL) operate six beam lines for material research. A single beam line experiment requires scientists to acquire data as a sequence of scans that involves data acquisition at many points, varying sample positions, samples, wavelength, sample environment, etc. The points at which measurements must be taken can number in the thousands with scans or their variations having to be run multiple times. At the CNBC an approach has been developed to allow scientists to specify and manage their scans using a set of processes and tools. Scans are specified using a set of constructors and a scan algebra that allows scans to be combined using a set of scan operators. Using the operators of the algebra, complex scan sequences can be constructed from simpler scans and run unattended for up to a few days. Based on the constructors and the algebra, tools are provided to scientists to build, organize and execute their scans. These tools can take the form of scripting languages, spreadsheets, or databases. This scanning technique is currently in use at CNL, and has been implemented in Python on an EPICS based control system.  
slides icon Slides THHA3O03 [0.741 MB]  
THHD3O01 Control Systems for Spallation Target in China Initiative Accelerator Driven System controls, target, network, Ethernet 1
  • Z. He, W. Cui, Y. Luo, X. Ting, H.S. Xu, L. Yang, X. Zhang, Q. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
  In this paper, we report the design of the control system for the spallation target in China initiative accelerator driven sub-critical (ADS) system, where a heavy-metal target located vertically at the centre of a sub-critical reactor core is bombarded vertically by the high-energy protons from an accelerator. The main functions of the control system for the target are to monitor and control thermal hydraulic, neutron flux, and accelerator-target interface. The first function is to control the components in the primary and secondary loops, such as pumps, heat exchangers, valves, sensors, etc. For the commissioning measurements of the accelerator, the second function is to monitor the neutrons from the spallation target. The three-layer architecture has been used in the control system. In the middle network layer, in order to increase the network reliability, the redundant Ethernet based on Ethernet ring protection protocol has been considered. In the bottom equipment layer, the equipment controls for the above-mentioned functions have been designed. Finally, because the main objective of the target is to integrate the accelerator and the reactor into one system, the integration of accelerator's control system and the reactor's instrumentation and controls into the target's control system has been mentioned.  
slides icon Slides THHD3O01 [0.623 MB]  
FRB3O02 Status of the European Spallation Source Control System controls, EPICS, operation, software 1
  • T. Korhonen, R. Andersson, F. Bellorini, S.L. Birch, D.P. Brodrick, H. Carling, J. Cereijo García, R.N. Fernandes, L. Fernandez, B. Gallese, S.R. Gysin, E. Laface, N. Levchenko, M. Mansouri Sharifabad, R. Mudingay, A. Nordt, D. Paulic, D.P. Piso, K. Rathsman, M. Reščič, G. Trahern, M. Zaera-Sanz
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • N. Claesson, U. Rojec, K. Strniša, A.A. Söderqvist
    Cosylab, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  The European Spallation Source (ESS) is a collaboration of 17 European countries to build the world's most powerful neutron source for research. ESS has entered the construction phase and the plan is to produce first neutrons by 2019 and to complete the construction by 2025. The Integrated Control System Division (ICS) is responsible to provide control systems for the whole facility. The unprecented beam power of 5 MW and the construction of the facility with many components contributed in-kind presents a number of challenges to the control system. Systems have to be specified so that the work can be effectively shared between the contributors and on-site staff. Control system components need to provide a level of performance that can support the operation of the facility, be standardized so that integration to the facility can be done during a short installation period and be maintainable by the in-house staff after the construction has finished. This paper will outline the plans and principles that will be used to construct the control systems. The selected technologies and standards will be presented, as well as the plans for integration.