Keyword: undulator
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MOA3O02 The Large Scale European XFEL Control System: Overview and Status of the Commissioning controls, cryogenics, software, distributed 1
  • R. Bacher, A. Aghababyan, P.K. Bartkiewicz, T. Boeckmann, B. Bruns, M.R. Clausen, T. Delfs, P. Duval, L. Fröhlich, W. Gerhardt, C. Gindler, J. Hatje, O. Hensler, J.M. Jäger, R. Kammering, S. Karstensen, H. Keller, V. Kocharyan, O. Korth, A. Labudda, T. Limberg, S.M. Meykopff, M. Möller, J. Penning, A. Petrosyan, G. Petrosyan, L.P. Petrosyan, V. Petrosyan, P. Pototzki, K.R. Rehlich, S. Rettig-Labusga, H.R. Rickens, G. Schlesselmann, B. Schoeneburg, E. Sombrowski, M. Staack, C. Stechmann, J. Szczesny, J. Wilgen, T. Wilksen, H. Wu
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. Abeghyan, A. Beckmann, D. Boukhelef, N. Coppola, S.G. Esenov, B. Fernandes, P. Gessler, G. Giambartolomei, S. Hauf, B.C. Heisen, S. Karabekyan, M. Kumar, L.G. Maia, A. Parenti, A. Silenzi, H. Sotoudi Namin, J. Szuba, M. Teichmann, J. Tolkiehn, K. Weger, J. Wiggins, K. Wrona, M. Yakopov, C. Youngman
    XFEL. EU, Hamburg, Germany
  The European XFEL is a 3.4km long X-ray Free Electron Laser in the final construction and commissioning phase in Hamburg. It will produce 27000 bunches per second at 17.5GeV. Early 2015 a first electron beam was produced in the RF-photo-injector and the commissioning of consecutive sections is following during this and next year. The huge number and variety of devices for the accelerator, beam line, experiment, cryogenic and facility systems pose a challenging control task. Multiple systems, including industrial solutions, must be interfaced to each other. The high number of bunches requires a tight time synchronization (down to picoseconds) and high performance data acquisition systems. Fast feedbacks from front-ends, the DAQs and online analysis system with a seamless integration of controls are essential for the accelerator and the initially 6 experimental end stations. It turns out that the European XFEL will be the first installation exceeding 2500 FPGA components in the MicroTCA form factor and will run one of the largest PROFIBUS networks. Many subsystem prototypes are already successfully in operation. An overview and status of the XFEL control system will be given.  
slides icon Slides MOA3O02 [3.101 MB]  
MOC3O03 Automatic FEL Optimization at FERMI FEL, laser, electron, feedback 1
  • G. Gaio, M. Lonza
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  FERMI is a seeded Free Electron Laser (FEL) located in Trieste, Italy. The machine setup and optimization is a non-trivial problem due to the high sensitivity of the FEL process to several machine parameters. In particular, the electron bunch trajectory and its spatial overlap with the seed laser beam represent one of the key aspects to optimize and then preserve during machine operation. In order to ease the FEL tuning and to guarantee a long term stability of the photon beam, a software process integrated into the feedback systems performs automatic trajectory optimization of both the seed laser and the electron beams. The algorithm implementation, the results and the operational issues are presented.  
slides icon Slides MOC3O03 [8.957 MB]  
MOC3O07 Low Level RF Control Implementation and Simultaneous Operation of Two FEL Undulator Beamlines at FLASH operation, controls, LLRF, laser 1
  • V. Ayvazyan, S. Ackermann, J. Branlard, B. Faatz, M.K. Grecki, O. Hensler, S. Pfeiffer, H. Schlarb, Ch. Schmidt, M. Scholz, S. Schreiber
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • A. Piotrowski
    FastLogic Sp. z o.o., Łódź, Poland
  The Free-Electron Laser in Hamburg (FLASH) is a user facility delivering femtosecond short radiation pulses in the wavelength range between 4.2 and 45 nm using the SASE principle. The tests performed in the last few years have shown that two FLASH undulator beamlines can deliver FEL radiation simultaneously to users with a large variety of parameters such as radiation wavelength, pulse duration, intra-bunch spacing etc. FLASH has two injector lasers on the cathode of the gun to deliver different bunch trains with different charges, needed for different bunch lengths. Because the compression settings depend on the charge of bunches the low level RF system needs to be able to supply different compression for both beamlines. The functionality of the controller has been extended to provide intra-pulse amplitude and phase changes while maintaining the RF field amplitude and the phase stability requirements. The RF parameter adjustment and tuning for RF gun and accelerating modules can be done independently for both laser systems. Having different amplitudes and phases within the RF pulse in several RF stations simultaneous lasing of both systems has been demonstrated.  
slides icon Slides MOC3O07 [4.640 MB]  
MOD3O05 Use of Automation in Commissioning Process of the Undulators of the European X-Ray Free Electron Laser controls, interface, PLC, Ethernet 1
  • S. Karabekyan, J. Pflüger
    XFEL. EU, Hamburg, Germany
  • L. Lin, Y.T. Liu
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
  • W. Wang
    Hisense Co. Ltd., Qingdao, People's Republic of China
  For operation of the three undulator systems of the European XFEL, a total of 91 undulators are needed and have been produced. For production, magnetic measurements, tuning and commissioning of these devices only two years were foreseen by the project schedule. For these purposes, automated and optimized procedures were needed to accomplish a number of workflows, time-consuming adjustments and commissioning tasks. We created several automation programs which allowed us to reduce the time spent on the commissioning of the control system by an order of magnitude.  
slides icon Slides MOD3O05 [4.335 MB]  
MOM306 Status of the PAL-XFEL Control System controls, network, timing, electron 1
  • C. Kim, S.Y. Baek, H.-S. Kang, J.H. Kim, K.W. Kim, I.S. Ko, G. Mun, B.R. Park
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  Pohang accelerator laboratory (PAL) started an x-ray free electron laser project (PAL-XFEL) in 2011. In the PAL-XFEL, an electron beam with 200 pC will be generated from a photocathode RF gun and will be accelerated to 10 GeV by using a linear accelerator. The electron beam will pass through undulator section to produce hard x-ray radiation. In 2015, we will finish the installation and will start a commissioning of the PAL-XFEL. In this paper, we introduce the PAL-XFEL and explain present status of it. Details of the control system will be described including a network system, a timing system, hardware control systems and a machine interlock system.  
slides icon Slides MOM306 [1.838 MB]  
MOM308 XFEL Machine Protection System (MPS) Based on uTCA linac, kicker, operation, FPGA 1
  • S. Karstensen, M.E. Castro Carballo, J.M. Jäger, M. Staack
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  For the operation of a machine like the 3 km long linear accelerator XFEL at DESY Hamburg, a safety system keeping the beam from damaging components is obligatory. This machine protection system (MPS) must detect failures of the RF system, magnets, and other critical components in various sections of the XFEL as well as monitor beam and dark current losses, and react in an appropriate way by limiting average beam power, dumping parts of the macro-pulse, or, in the worst case, shutting down the whole accelerator. It has to consider the influence of various machine modes selected by the timing system. The MPS provides the operators with clear indications of error sources, and offers the possibility to mask any input channel to facilitate the operation of the machine. In addition, redundant installation of critical MPS components will help to avoid unnecessary downtime. This paper summarizes the requirements on the machine protection system and includes plans for its architecture and for needed hardware components. It will show up the clear way of configuring this system - not programming. Also a look into the financial aspects (manpower / maintenance / integration) will be presented.  
slides icon Slides MOM308 [1.487 MB]  
MOPGF162 MaRIE - Instrumentation & Control System Design Status and Options controls, linac, electron, proton 1
  • M. Pieck, R.W. Garnett, F.E. Shelley, B.G. Smith
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
  Funding: Work supported by Los Alamos National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract W-7405-ENG-36. LA-UR-15-27877
Los Alamos National Laboratory has defined a new signature science facility, Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes (MaRIE) that builds on the existing capabilities of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE). It will be the first multi-probe materials research center to combine high-energy, high-repetition-rate, coherent x-rays with electron and proton-beam charged-particle imaging to perform in-situ measurements of a sample in extreme environments. At its core, a 42-keV XFEL will be coupled with the LANSCE MW proton accelerator. A pre-conceptual design for MaRIE has been established. Technical risk reduction for the project includes an injector test-stand that is currently being designed. New accelerators are either planned, under construction, or currently in operation around the world, providing opportunities for the MaRIE project to leverage the instrumentation & controls (I&C) efforts of these facilities to minimize non-recurring engineering costs. This paper discusses possible MaRIE I&C system implementation choices and trade-offs, and also provides an overview of the proposed MaRIE facilities and the current design.
poster icon Poster MOPGF162 [0.399 MB]  
THHA3O02 Status of the Continuous Mode Scan for Undulator Beamlines at BESSY II controls, feedback, diagnostics, EPICS 1
  • A.F. Balzer, E. Schierle, E. Suljoti, M. Witt
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • R. Follath
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  At the synchrotron light source BESSY II monochromator (MONO) and insertion device (ID) scans can be done synchronized in two different modes. In step mode MONO and ID move independently to intermediate target positions of an energy scan. In continuous mode (CM) MONO and ID cover the whole range of the scan nonstop in a coupled motion. Data acquisition is done continuously at the speed provided by the CM scan and is available in regular user operation. Currently CM is in operation at 11 undulator beamlines at BESSY II. 3 new beamlines requesting CM are under construction. During CM the MONO EPICS IOC acts as a controller forcing the MONO optics to follow the movement of the ID. A non-linear predictive control scheme is used to implement this dynamic coupling. The controller task utilizes polynomial regression to extrapolate the ID motion. Calculation of the trajectories for MONO grating and mirror is based on bijective gap to energy lookup tables and the grating equation. In this paper the technical implementation, limitations, recently developed diagnostic methods, and future plans for improvements are presented.  
slides icon Slides THHA3O02 [0.898 MB]