Keyword: vacuum
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MOC3O04 System Identification and Robust Control for the LNLS UVX Fast Orbit Feedback controls, feedback, network, power-supply 1
  • D.O. Tavares
    LNLS, Campinas, Brazil
  • D.R. Grossi
    Sao Paulo University, São Carlos Campus, São Carlos, Brazil
  This paper describes the optimization work carried out to improve the performance of the LNLS UVX fast orbit feedback system. Black-box system identification techniques were applied to model the dynamic behavior of BPM electronics, orbit correctors, communication networks and vacuum chamber eddy currents. Due to the heterogeneity on the dynamic responses among several units of those subsystems, as well as variations on the static response matrix due to accelerator optics changes during operation, robust control techniques were employed to achieve appropriate closed-loop performance and robustness.  
slides icon Slides MOC3O04 [3.792 MB]  
MOPGF088 Integrating the Measuring System of Vibration and Beam Position Monitor to Study the Beam Stability controls, monitoring, data-acquisition, network 1
  • C.H. Huang, Y.-S. Cheng, P.C. Chiu, K.T. Hsu, K.H. Hu, C.Y. Liao
    NSRRC, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  For a low emittance light source, beam orbit motion needs to be controlled within submicron for obtaining a high quality light. Magnets vibration especially quadruples will be one of the main sources to destroy the beam stability. In order to study the relationship between vibration and beam motion, it is highly desirable to use a synchronous data acquisition system which integrates measurement of vibration and beam position monitor systems especially for the coherence analysis. For a larger vibration such as earthquakes are also deleterious to beam stability or even make the beam trip due to the quench of superconducting RF cavity. A data acquisition system integrated with an earthquake detector is also quite necessary to show and archive the data on the control system. The data acquisition systems of vibration and earthquake measurement system are summarized in this report. The relationship between the beam motion and magnets vibration will also study here.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF088 [0.499 MB]  
MOPGF102 The New Control Software for the CERN NA62 Beam Vacuum controls, PLC, database, software 1
  • S. Blanchard, F. Antoniotti, R. Ferreira, P. Gomes, A. Gutierrez, B. Jenninger, F. Mateo, H.F. Pereira
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • L. Kopylov, S. Merker
    IHEP, Moscow Region, Russia
  NA62 is a fixed target experiment to measure very rare decays of Kaons at CERN Super Proton Synchrotron accelerator. The NA62 experiment line comprises several large detectors installed inside a vacuum vessel with a length of 250 m and an internal diameter of up to 2.8 m. The vacuum installation consists of 170 remote controlled pumps, valves and gauges. The operational specifications of NA62 require a complex vacuum control system: tight interaction between vacuum controllers and detector controllers, including pumping or venting vetoes, and detector start-stop interlocks; most of the valves are interlocked, including the large vacuum sector gate valves; the vacuum devices are driven by 20 logic processes. The vacuum control system is based on commercial Programmable Logical Controllers (Siemens PLC: S7-300 series) and a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition application (Siemens SCADA: WINCC OA). The control software is built upon the standard framework used in CERN accelerators vacuum, with some specific developments. We describe the controls architecture, and report on the particular requirements and the solutions implemented.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF102 [2.670 MB]  
MOPGF103 The Upgrade of Control Hardware of the CERN NA62 Beam Vacuum controls, PLC, experiment, interface 1
  • F. Mateo, F. Antoniotti, S. Blanchard, R. Ferreira, P. Gomes, A. Gutierrez, B. Jenninger, H.F. Pereira
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  NA62 is the follow-up of the NA48 experiment, in the SPS North Area of CERN, and reuses a large fraction of its detectors and beam line equipment. Still, there are many new vacuum devices in the beam line (including pumps, valves & gauges), which required a thorough modification of the control system and a large number of new controllers, many of which were custom-made. The NA62 vacuum control system is based on the use of PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers) and SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition). The controllers and signal conditioning electronics are accessed from the PLC via a field bus (Profibus); optical fibre is used between surface racks and the underground gallery. The control hardware was completely commissioned during 2014. The nominal pressure levels were attained in all sectors of the experiment. The remote control of all devices and the interlocks were successfully tested. This paper summarizes the architecture of the vacuum control system of NA62, the types of instruments to control, the communication networks, the hardware alarms and the supervisory interface.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF103 [6.319 MB]  
MOPGF104 Consolidations on the Vacuum Controls of the CERN Accelerators, During the First Long Shutdown of the LHC controls, PLC, injection, operation 1
  • P. Gomes, F. Antoniotti, F. Aragon, F. Bellorini, S. Blanchard, J-P. Boivin, N. Chatzigeorgiou, F. Daligault, R. Ferreira, J. Fraga, J. Gama, A. Gutierrez, P. Krakówski, H.F. Pereira, G. Pigny, P.P. Prieto, B. Rio, H. Vestergard
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • L. Kopylov, S. Merker, M.S. Mikheev
    IHEP, Moscow Region, Russia
  For two years (Spring 2013 - Spring 2015), the LHC went through its first long shutdown (LS1). It was mainly motivated by the consolidation of magnet interconnects, to allow operation with 6.5 TeV proton beams. Moreover, around the accelerator complex, many other systems were repaired, consolidated or upgraded, and several new installations came to life. The standardization of vacuum controls has progressed in the injectors, with the renovation of most of their obsolete equipment. In the LHC, many new instruments were added, the signal transmission integrity was improved, and the exposure to radiation was reduced in critical places. Several developments were needed for new equipment types or new operational requirements.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF104 [16.017 MB]  
MOPGF112 Measurements, Alarms and Interlocks in the Vacuum Control System of the LHC electronics, radiation, interlocks, controls 1
  • G. Pigny, F. Antoniotti, J-P. Boivin, N. Chatzigeorgiou, J. Gama, P. Gomes, P. Krakówski, H.F. Pereira
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  In the LHC beam pipes and cryostats, the pressure measurement covers a wide range, from 1500 mbar down to 10-11 mbar and even lower. If vacuum deteriorates, alarm signals are generated and sent to other systems, e.g. cryogenics, accelerating cavities, kicker magnets, and beam interlock. In addition, an unacceptable pressure rise in beam pipes generates interlocks to close the adjacent sector valves, thus isolating the sector, so that the pressure rise does not propagate. This paper describes the measurement chains, the alarms and interlocks logic used in the vacuum control system of the LHC. We analyze the possible signal degradation caused by ionizing radiation or due to cable length, shielding and grounding. The weaknesses of the existing vacuum measurement system are pointed out, and a prospective for improvement of the conditioning electronics is proposed. During the first LHC long shut down, several corrections were applied; the results of the tests after commissioning are also presented.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF112 [1.725 MB]  
MOPGF113 Controls and Interlocks for the New Elettra Super Conducting Wiggler controls, TANGO, wiggler, storage-ring 1
  • L. Pivetta, F. Giacuzzo, G. Scalamera, D. Vittor
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
  During the last two years, triggered by the construction of the XRD2 beamline, and to comply with the top-up operations, a complete refurbishment of the Elettra Super Conducting Wiggler (SCW) has been carried out. Alongside with the mechanical, cryogenic and electrical components, also the electronics, the control and interlock systems have been upgraded. The MVME5110 PowerPC single board computer, which is a standard in the Elettra control system, has been adopted, as well as RS232 communication modules, analog to digital converters and digital I/O lines. In order to cope with the high output power of the SCW, up to18 KW, the interlock system, protecting both the wiggler and the beamline front-end, has been completely redesigned. The control system software has been re-written from scratch using the TANGO software framework. The complete system has been tested during the second half of 2014 and is now fully operational.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF113 [0.663 MB]  
MOPGF119 Design and Development of the ECR Ion Source Control System controls, PLC, ion, ion-source 1
  • H.J. Son, H. Jang, S. Lee, C.W. Son
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  Funding: This work is supported by the Rare Isotope Science Project funded by Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning(MSIP) and National Research Foundation(NRF) of Korea(Project No. 2011-0032011).
The Rare Isotope Science Project at the Institute for Basic Science constructs the rare isotope accelerator (RAON) facility in South Korea. The stable ion beam as an ion source for the RAON accelerator could be generated by ECR ion source system. Therefore, it is mandatory to build ECR ion source control system that could be integrated into an accelerator control system easily. The vacuum control system is an essential part of the ECR control system, because of one vacuum chamber among three different voltage stages (ground, 50 kV, and 80 kV). The preliminary design and implementation of vacuum control system for the ECR ion source will be discussed. It is planned to use a PLC in order to communicate with a vacuum gauge and turbo pump controllers among multi-voltage stages (ground, 50 kV and 80 kV) by optical fibers connection. The PLC system has two major components: a digital I/O module that provides power to each component and standard RS-232 modules which are connected with the gauge & pump controllers. In addition, its extension plan to integrate the vacuum control system into the RAON accelerator control system based on system the EPICS framework, will be discussed.
poster icon Poster MOPGF119 [3.106 MB]  
MOPGF121 Stripping Foil Displacement Unit Control for H Injection in PSB at CERN controls, radiation, linac, PLC 1
  • P. Van Trappen, R. Noulibos, W.J.M. Weterings
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  For CERN's Linac4 (L4) Proton Synchrotron Booster (PSB) injection scheme, slices of the 160 MeV H beam will be distributed to the 4 superposed synchrotron rings of the PSB. The beam will then be injected horizontally into the PSB by means of an H charge-exchange injection system using a graphite stripping foil to strip the electrons from the H ions. The foil and its positioning mechanism will be housed under vacuum inside a stripping foil unit, containing a set of six foils that can be mechanically rotated into the beam aperture. The band with mounted foils is controlled by a stepping motor while a resolver, micro-switches and a membrane potentiometer provide foil position feedback. The vicinity of the ionizing beam and vacuum requirements have constrained the selection of the above mentioned control system parts. The positioning and interlocking logic is implemented in an industrial Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). This paper describes the design of the stripping foil unit electronics and controls and presents the first results obtained from a test bench unit which will be installed in the Linac4 transfer line by the end of the 2015 for foil tests with beam.  
poster icon Poster MOPGF121 [3.080 MB]  
MOPGF131 Interlock System for Machine Protection at ThomX Accelerator dipole, PLC, operation, controls 1
  • N. ElKamchi, P. Gauron, H. Monard
    LAL, Orsay, France
  ThomX is a Compton based photons source. It aims to produce a compact and directional X-rays source, with high performance, high brightness and adjustable energy*. The principal application fields are medical sciences, social technology and industry. An interlock system has been implemented for machine protection, especially to protect sensitive and essential equipment (magnets, vacuum system, etc.) during machine operation. ThomX interlock system is based on Programmable Logic Controller (PLC-Siemens S7-1500), it collects default signals from the different equipment of the machine, up to the central PLC which kills the beam, by stopping the RF or the injection, in case of problem (bad vacuum, magnets overheating, etc.). The interlock system consists of two levels. The first one is a local process, whose role is to monitor the variations of different parameters of the machine equipment, and generates a default signal in case of operation problem. The second level is the central PLC, which gathers and process all the default signals from subsystems, and stops the RF power in a very short time. Actually, the interlock system is under test, it will allow accelerator to work safely.
*C. Bruni et al.,'ThomX - Conceptual Design Report', 2009, pp.1-136.
MOPGF176 Control System Challenges from an Upgrade to the Diamond Light Source Storage Ring controls, storage-ring, instrumentation, sextupole 1
  • M.T. Heron, A.J. Rose
    DLS, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
  In 2016 Diamond Light Source will replace one double bend achromatic cell of the Storage Ring with two double bend achromatic cells in the same longitudinal space. This will create an additional straight section for an insertion device (ID), thereby converting a bending magnet source point into and ID source point. Installation of the two new cells and recommissioning of the SR will take place in an eight week shutdown. The additional components in the two new cells necessitate a substantial reworking of the interface layer of control system, together with changes to all applications dependent on the physics parameters of the storage ring. This paper will describe how it is planned to manage the control system aspects of the project.
Presented on behalf of the DDBA control and instrumentation team.
WEM309 A Graphical Tool for Viewing and Interacting with a Control System controls, TANGO, software, interface 1
  • J. Forsberg, V.H. Hardion, D.P. Spruce
    MAX-lab, Lund, Sweden
  This paper presents a graphical interface for displaying status information and enabling user interaction with the Tango based control system for the MAX IV synchrotron. It focuses on bringing an intuitive view of the whole system, so that operators can quickly access the controls for any hardware based on its physical location. The view is structured into different layers that can be selectively shown, and various live updated information can be displayed in the form of e.g. colour or text. Panning and zooming is supported, as well as invoking commands. The interface is defined by an SVG drawing which can be edited without programming expertise. Since our system is based on modern web technologies, it can be run as a web service accessible by standard browsers, but it can also be integrated in GUI applications.  
slides icon Slides WEM309 [2.323 MB]  
poster icon Poster WEM309 [0.913 MB]